Traces of Mystics of Central Asia


One of the most influential Sufi brotherhoods in Uzbekistan was Naqshbandiya. Initially, it relied on the urban population, later spread to the nomads, and then promoted the spread of Islam throughout Central Asia. The brotherhood of Naqshbandiya won high authority in the Shiite population, although it originated as a Sunni union. Spiritual purity, rejection of money-grubbing, voluntary poverty, life in the monastery and earning by oneself are its basic requirements. The basis of the path is a quiet dhikr (in the heart), and a passionate desire for truth. In the Bukhara region there are seven burials of the great Sufis of the Naqshbandiya brotherhood. This is the basis of the Sufi tour for pilgrims. According to the rules, the tour starts from the senior Naqshbandiya - Gizhduvani and ends with the younger one - Bahauddin Naqshbandi, in Bukhara. Early in the morning, pilgrims travel to the ancient Gijduvan, to the grave of Sheikh Abdul Abd Al-Khalik Gijduvani, the founder of the Sufi order Hajjagan (the Way of the Teachers). He was born in the town of Gijduvan in 1118 and was one of four disciples and followers of Yusuf Hamadani. He founded the school of Central Asian mysticism (Sufism) - Tarikat Hajagan, the main difference of which was a quiet dhikr. Asceticism, the vow of celibacy and no ties with the authorities - Gijduvani belongs to the saying "Fear the Sultan just as you fear his lions." Gijduvani was convinced that secular power could weaken faith and tariqa. He himself did not shy away from any work - according to custom all the sheikhs had to master at least one craft in order to feed themselves with their own hands. And up to now, in Uzbekistan, there is a rule according to which every imam must necessarily own some kind of craft. It is noteworthy that on the grave of Bahauddin Naqshbandi there is a skilfully carved gravestone. Near Dahmu Gijduvan is the Madrassah of Ulugbek, which the Padishah built some time after the construction of Samarkand. Nearby is a new mosque, where pilgrims can bathe before prayer.

The next point is the village of Revgar, to the pupil of Gijduvani, to Mohammed Arif, Ar Revgar. There, a multi-domed mosque was restored, there is a large house, a ziyarathon and a well with holy water. Nearby is a large hill - the ruins of an ancient settlement.
Hazrat Revgari had a nickname - Mohi Tobon, the Clear Moon, which he received from his contemporaries for his outward appearance. The information about him was kept very little - he was born in 1156, it is known that on the way of the tariqat he got up very early, very young, and at the age of 19 he could teach other philosophies. "Nafahat ul-uns" and the manuscript "Arifnoma", almost the only written evidence of the life of the famous Sufi. From them it becomes clear that Hajj Arif Rewgary was considered one of the most worthy continuers of the traditions and practices of "Hajjagan", was a follower of Sheikh Abdalkhalik Gijduvani, immediately after his death, and led the order.

Then the road lies in Vabkent, towards Khoja Mahmud Anjir Fagnawiy. There is built a mausoleum - beautiful and strict, a well with holy water, a mosque, aivans, a large territory within which a multi-season garden is broken, and pilgrims are treated with fruit. Fagnawiy himself was a carpenter and gardener, and his nickname, Anzhir, received for the amazing story that happened to him. When a guest came to the khan, who suddenly expressed a desire to eat a fresh fruit in February, and a servant was sent to Fagnawi, who was supposed to convey the words of the rich man: "If you are a miracle worker, create a miracle." For the winter in Uzbekistan, many trees are buried in the ground so that they do not freeze, and in front of the astonished servant the wonderworker dropped his hand into a mound with a fig and took out fresh figs. This is a favorite place of the surrounding inhabitants. Fagnawi was born in 1196, and is a follower of Revgar. In the annals of the tariqa (spiritual brotherhood), he entered as a preacher of a loud dhikr. It was he, when sending prayers, began to greet and encourage along with the quiet dhikr-hufi, as well as the loud dhikr-jahriya.

The next miraculous place is Romitan, the mausoleum of Khoja Azizon (Ali Romitani) - the performer of desires. This is one of the most famous spiritual mentors, nicknamed in the people of Azizon - Venerable Sheikh. He was born in 1195, lived almost all his life in Kurgan and was engaged in the weaver's craft. It was thanks to him that a truly incredible event happened - the Mongolian khans accepted Islam. The Mongols seriously considered Sufi mentors to be miracle workers, however, they were such. The legend of Romitani says that he was very loved by Allah, so that any of his desires fulfilled immediately. Another thing is that the desires of a modest Sufi practically did not exist, a piece of bread and water for one day. He never left food for the morning, rightly believing that there will be a day - there will be food. Once he was taken by surprise by guests who came to him late at night, and there was nothing to feed them. Azizon asked God for mercy, and immediately heard a knock on the gate, - came a young man with a basket of hot cakes. After the guests were fed and laid to sleep, the sheikh turned to the young man, with a proposal to ask for anything for such a service. But he asked strange - to be outwardly and mentally similar to the sheikh. Azizon tried to dissuade him, but the Murid was adamant. And the next morning from the house of Romitani came two completely identical people. One of them died a month later. Because I could not bear the weight of knowledge, wisdom and holiness. His grave can be seen on a hill, opposite the mausoleum.
Romitani treated people who were completely hopeless, and always said that it was not he, but Allah tells him who to cure.
The Sufi himself worked and fed himself at the expense of the craft until his death, and did not leave his wretched dwelling, despite the requests of the disciples. Further pilgrims are waiting for the way to the village of Samos, to the grave of the great Sufi and farmer Bobo as Samosi, who was born in 1259. It was he who predicted the birth of Bahauddin Naqshbandi. Passing through the village of Hinduvan, he suddenly said that he felt an unusual aroma, and it was the smell of an amazing baby who would soon be born. After some time, he, passing again near this place, said that "No doubt, the hero was already born." Bahauddin Naqshbandi was three days old.
According to the customs of that time, the boy's grandfather put gifts on his heart and asked Bobo Samosi to bless the baby. To which the Great Hajj said: "This is our child, we accept it." And then, turning to his attendants, he added: "This is the hero whose smell I felt. A very short time will pass, and its fragrance will spread all over the world, and it will become "gushkish gusha" - "revealing difficulties" for the people of Love. "
The Shrine of St. Babai Simasi is a place of worship for hundreds of thousands of Muslims from all over the world.
Then the road lies in Bukhara, to the mausoleum of Said Amir al-Kulol, to the village of Sukhor. This is a large territory, with a mosque, a beautiful mausoleum, a garden and a flower garden.  Sheikh was born in 1287, the word "kulol" is translated as a potter, and this craft Mir Kulol mastered perfectly. In Bukhara, there is still a custom of "Hand feeding and tie-up belt", it is a tradition that the future master must visit the holy places of the ancient mentors Mir Kulol and Bahauddin Naqshbandi. Then cook the pilaf for friends and neighbors, and observe the forty-day fast without leaving the street.
In his youth the sheikh was engaged in the people's struggle of kurash, and achieved excellent results. At one celebration, Bobo Samosi saw him and he came to the wrestling maidan, drawn with his amazing instinct and intuition. He said: "In this field there is a man whose grace many true believers will find the true way."
He did not say a word to him on that day, but the next morning Mir Kulol was already with him and asked for permission to become a novice. After that, he served his sheikh for 20 years with faith and truth. During his educational activities World Kulol trained more than a hundred religious followers, including the names of famous Sheikh Hadj Bahauddin Naқshbanda, Mawlana Arif Diggirany, Hajj jamol Deҳai, Hajj Darzuny, Shamsuddin Kula Mavlono Jamoliddin Keshy.
There are chronicles evidence that Shaikh Sayyid Amir Kulol was the first feast of the great emperor of Amir Temur, whom he met in 1363 Then the pilgrims come to visit the Mausoleum of the Mother of Bahauddin Naqshbandi, according to his wishes: "Let come to see me at first to visit the grave of my mother and mentor" . Very cozy beautiful place where there is a mosque of the 18th century, a beautiful small minaret, a holy spring, a zierathon. Here come young mothers with children, bring refreshments and treat themselves. Nearby is a large garden, called Fergana. This place Bukhara gave the Ferghans under the planting of fruit trees, which were planted about five thousand.

 The tour ends with a visit to the mausoleum of Bahauddin Naqshbandi. Bahauddin was born in 1318, in the village of Hinduvan, his birth was predicted by Bobo Samosi. Formed as a spiritual master, Naqshbandi called for simplicity and unpretentiousness in his sermons, his motto was "Heart to God, and hands in labor." He did not recognize asceticism and solitude, which required begging. The Sufi had to earn his living by working exclusively. Unfortunately, all his sermons and records of his deeds and lives were already made after his death - he forbade his students to write down for him. Therefore, we know a lot from the words of contemporaries and followers.
Bahauddin Naqshbandi had several professions, and in each he achieved perfection. He was a weaver, a potter and a metal carver, for which he received the nickname Naqshband (artist). Following his example, many Sufis stopped vagrancy and followed him, and began to make a living by craft.
Thanks to the high sanctity and piety of the famous theologian, Bukharanarekli "The Dome of Islam in the East", and he himself was ranked as a saint and recognized as the patron of this blessed city in which his whole life passed.
From 1544 on the site of the repose of Bahauddin Naqshbandi stands a majestic mausoleum. Since ancient times and to our days, the stream of people who want to touch the memorial does not run out, because according to tradition, a triple visit to the holy rest is equated with "hajj" in Mecca and Medina.

Stops on your tour: Tashkent-Bukhara-Samarkand-Tashkent

Duration: 8 days / 7 nights

Transport: Bus/Sedan Car

Accomodation: BB 3,4*

Tour Schedule

Day-1 Arrival in Tashkent

Arrival in Tashkent. You will meet our driver and take you to the hotel. Check in at the hotel at 12:00. The whole day of excursions around Tashkent. You will visit the Old part of the city, where the religious center of Tashkent is located - the complex Khast Imam. Here you will visit, Barakhan madrasah, mausoleum Keffal Shashi, the Museum of the Koran, which contains a unique relic - the original Koran of Caliph Othman (VII cent.). Also on this day you will visit the mausoleum of Zainiddin Bobo. Continuation of the way to the complex of Zangiota is a place of holy pilgrimage of the inhabitants of Tashkent and its environs. On the same day you will also visit one of the main bazaars of Tashkent - Chorsu and in the center of the city, where Independence Square and Amir Temur Square are located.

Overnight in Tashkent

Day-2 Tashkent - Bukhara

Transfer to Tashkent airport. Morning flight to Bukhara - Holy Land 3000 Pirs (mentors). Upon arrival, you will be transferred to the hotel, where you can leave your luggage. Check-in is at 12:00. Your pilgrimage to the holy places of Sufism will begin with a visit to the graves of the Seven Sufi Saints, who are outside the city. You will visit the grave of Abduhalik Gijduvani (1103-1179), located in Gijduvan (40 km from Bukhara). Then you will be taken to Shafirkan (50-60 km from the center of Bukhara). Here is the tomb of the fourth student Abduhalikov Gijduvani - Khoja Muhammad Orif Ar Revgari known as the Holy Khodja Arif Mohitobon (died in 1259). Visit to the grave of Khoja Mahmud Anjir Fagnawi (died in 1286). The pilgrimage in the Rometan district of the Bukhara region ends. Here you will visit the mausoleum of Hodzhi Ali Romatoni, who was a pupil of Khoja Mahmud Anjir Fagnawi (died in 1310, according to other sources in 1321).

Overnight in Bukhara

Day-3 Bukhara

Continuation of pilgrimage to Sufi places of Bukhara. Visit to the tomb of Khodzhi Muhammad Boboi Samosi (1259-1354), a follower of Khodja Ali Rometani. Then in the program a trip to the grave of St. Said Mir Kulol (1287-1370 gg.) Is planned. Then you will visit the most sacred place of Bukhara - in the mausoleum of Bakhouddin Naqshbandi. The grave of the founder of the Sufi Order of Naqshbandiya is in the village of Kasri Orifon. The pilgrimage in the necropolis of Chor-Bakr, located in the village of Sumitan, ends. Return to Bukhara.

Overnight in Bukhara

Day-4 of Bukhara

On this day you will find interesting excursions to the main sights of Bukhara. The program includes a visit to the complex Labi-Hauz, minaret and mosque Kalyan, Miri-Arab Madrasah, Abdulaziz and Ulugbek madrasahs, Ark Fortress, Chor Minor, Bolo Hauz, the mausoleum of the Samanids. After excursions - free time.

Overnight in Bukhara

Day-5 Bukhara - Hartang - Samarkand

In the morning you will have a trip to Samarkand (290 km). On the way visit the memorial complex of Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn al Mugiyra ibn al Bardazbeh Dzhuafy Al-Bukhari. A few kilometers from the complex is the grave of St. Makhdumi Azam Dahbadi (1461-1542), the Sufi and the descendant of Khazret Ali. Return to Samarkand and accommodation at the hotel. Free time.

Overnight in Samarkand

Day-6 Samarkand

The morning will begin with a visit to the ensemble of Khoja Ahror Wali complex Khoja Al Mansour al Matrudi, Bibi-Khanum, Necropolis Shahi Zinda, where the burial cousin of Prophet Muhammad - Kusam ibn Abbas. Continuation of the excursion in the mosque of Khazret Khizr. In the second half of the day you will go to the most famous square in Central Asia and the historical center of Samarkand - Registan Square. Then you will visit the observatory of Ulugbek and the Siab Bazaar. The excursion program of this day will finish the visit to the mausoleum of Gur-Emir, where the graves of Tamerlane and his descendants are located.

Overnight at Samarkand

Day-7 Samarkand - Tashkent

You will have a free day in Samarkand. You can dedicate it to independent walks around the city and buying souvenirs. At your disposal will be given a car with a driver. At 17:00 transfer to the station. The high-speed train Afrosiab leaves for Tashkent at 18:00 (300 km). Arrival at 20:10, transfer to the hotel.

Overnight in Tashkent

End of Tour

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